Politicians were forced to deal with the issue of slavery and its westward expansion as early as the Missouri Compromise of 1820. The States had previously maintained a shaky balance in the Senate with an equal number of representatives from both Slave and Free States. 9 This new act repealed the Missouri Compromise; instead, the people living in Kansas and Nebraska would vote to determine the fate of the states. These laws did everything from providing free land to the expansion of railroads westward. On the other hand, the immediate causes were the problems in which guaranteed that the North and South would have a Civil War. Therefore, the South was given stricter laws against slavery. During the early 1800’s (1800-1823) the Louisiana Purchase and Treaty of 1818 increased national unity. These causes include The Fugitive Slave Act, The Kansas-Nebraska Act and the election of Abraham Lincoln. Instead, they suppressed the issue and acted as temporary salves. Post–Civil War Westward Migration In the decades after the Civil War, Americans poured across the Mississippi River in record numbers. 31 October 2012 However, southerners opposed their admittance because the Missouri Compromise mandated that these two territories would enter as Free states. Similar to Columbus’ ambition to discover new land, Jefferson wanted to continue to expand... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. what they wanted. In 1862, Congress passed the Homestead Act. AMH 2010 The federal government also provided for the expansion of railroads westward through the Pacific Railroad Act. The long term causes were the problems that seemed to never be solved between the North and South. As Missouri prepared to enter the Union as a Slave State, this tentative balance threatened to come undone. Ever since the first pioneers settled in the United States at the East , the country has been expanding westward. The rifts between the North and the South, caused by conflicting views on Westward Expansion were becoming more evident. 10 When voters from nearby Missouri snuck into Kansas in order to vote to make the territory a slave state, tensions between the two sides exploded. David M. Kennedy, Thomas A. Bailey, and Lizabeth Cohen, The American Pageant (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006), 247. Read more about its history and outcome. AMH 2010 Reconstruction was literally "reconstructing" the United States after the Civil War ravaged physical, economic, and political aspects of the Confederacy. Slavery may have helped produce abundant amounts of cotton cheaply, but it also cursed those who were tangled in the grip of this “peculiar institution”. wanted to join the Union as a slave state after the Louisiana Purchase. The federal government promoted westward expansion in many ways. Paper 1 The Fugitive Slave Act was an immediate cause of the Civil War. question was if to allow this move with slavery or not. This eventually led to the purchase of the Oregon Territory and eventually the Mexican Cession. Most of these people had left their homes in the East in search of economic opportunity. Manifest Destiny was also a term used by Democrats to promote and persuade people to support the territorial expansions that the United States was undergoing at the time. 10, No. However, as the compromises appeared to benefit Slave States more often than they did Free States, sectional antagonisms between the North and the South were becoming more distinct. His proposed amendment stated: “…the acquisition of any territory from the Republic of Mexico by the United States, by virtue of any treaty which may be negotiated between them, and to the use by the Executive of the moneys herein appropriated, neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory, except for crime, whereof the party shall first be duly convicted.” 4. This would encourage white farmers to move west and implied that slavery was not an institution that should stretch far beyond its borders. The Treaty of 1818 resolved boundary issues between the United States and the United Kingdom and Ireland allowing joint occupations of the Oregon territory. ...In the nineteenth century, the great nation of America that had been so successfully founded and developed by its united citizens was threatened by civil war. Slavery created an oligarchy of which a small aristocracy of slave-owners would dominate political, economic, and social affairs of both races. Westward Expansion was the 19th-century movement of settlers, agriculture and industry into the American West. Compromise involves both give and take, where both sides involved It was signed on January 1, 1862. For the South, the Compromise promised that popular sovereignty would decide the question of slavery in the Utah and New Mexico territories. Westward movement, the populating by Europeans of the land within the continental boundaries of the mainland United States, a process that began shortly after the first colonial settlements were established along the Atlantic coast. Ultimately, negotiations unraveled and a bloody Civil War erupted. 5 Meanwhile, southern politicians railed that such an act was unconstitutional and vehemently blocked the passage of the Wilmot Proviso. . Curiosity spread as farmers made their way to move westward. 2 Slavery became even more divisive when it threatened to expand westward because non-slaveholding white settlers did not want to compete with slaveholders in the new territories. ,” but after the war they said, “The United States is. The compromises of the early nineteenth century did not settle the issue of slavery and westward expansion. The Southern states advocated for the expansion of slave labor, while citizens of the North sought the containment of slavery to the South. Westward Expansion was the 19th-century movement of settlers, agriculture and industry into the American West. The Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 and was the first true . importance of compromise in the pre-civil war era. War broke out in Kansas between pro-slavery sympathizers and abolitionists, earning it the nickname “bleeding Kansas.” 11 The violence in the west would soon spread east. Slavery, like... ...the French government for $15 million. Learn about the Louisiana Purchase, manifest destiny, the Gold Rush and more. People leaving the Midwest and joined by European immigrants moved farther West into the High Plains and interior West. The West grew dramatically after the Civil War. Teaching American History.Org, Ashbrook Center at Ashland University, George W. Julian. James Oakes: Emancipation and the Question of Agency, Reconstructing Approaches to America’s Indian Problem. Politicians were forced to deal with the issue of slavery and its westward expansion as early as the Missouri Compromise of 1820. For the North, the Compromise guaranteed that California would enter the Union as a Free State and the slave trade would end in the District of Columbia. Since the drafting of the Constitution in 1787, the North and the South had grown further apart in terms of economy, ideology, and society. Speeches on Political Questions (Westport, Ct: Negro Universities Press, 1872), 71. In the decades after the Civil War, Americans poured across the Mississippi River in record numbers. states. The Missouri Compromise, for example, started when the territory of Missouri Accessed November 9th, 2012. http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/40399768.pdf?acceptTC=true, 262. Farmers decided to move west as they were enticed by cheaper land. The Federal government's response included The Homestead Act and the construction of the transcontinental railroad. The early part of the century sought compromise that would end disputes between the Northern and Southern regions of the country; however, by 1850, tensions between the two parties had risen far beyond conciliation. In the early 1800’s, the largest class in the south was yeoman farmers, small-scale, non-slaveholding farmers who, eighty percent of the time, owned their own land.