Count Carlo Sforza (24 January 1872 – 4 September 1952) was an Italian diplomat and anti-fascist politician.... Ascanio Maria Sforza Visconti (3 March 1455 – 28 May 1505) was an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. At Christmastime in 1476, conspirators who hoped to start an insurrection assassinated Galeazzo Maria. The line was founded by Muzio Attendolo around 1411. He was the brother of Alessandro, whom he often fought alongside.... Muzio Attendolo Sforza (28 May 1369 – 4 January 1424), was an Italian condottiero. Britannica does not review the converted text. One of them was the anti-Fascist statesman and foreign minister of Italy, Carlo Sforza (1873–1952). We’ve been busy, working hard to bring you new features and an updated design. Sforza agreed to the terms in March or December. This list includes the names of each famous person in the House of Sforza, along with information like where each person was born. List of the members of the House of Sforza, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Ludovico was a plotter and intriguer, constantly making alliances and counter alliances that he imagined would propel him to greatness. The list you're viewing has a variety of family members, like Carlo Sforza and Alessandro Sforza, in it. He blockaded the city, starving it into submission. Yes, there are. Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. Biography / Sforza The Sforza family was one of the most powerful families in and around Milan for about 100 years from 1450 to 1535. To re-enable the tools or to convert back to English, click "view original" on the Google Translate toolbar. When Gian Galeazzo died, Ludovico assumed the title of duke himself. If you're doing research on historic members of the House of Sforza, then this list is the perfect jumping off point for finding out which notable people are included. He claimed the city for himself. The descendants of Sforza Secondo (a son of Francesco Sforza) became the counts Sforza. Muzio’s son Francesco Sforza (1401–66) was also a soldier of fortune. By continuing to use this site, you consent to the terms of our cookie policy, which can be found in our. Three years later the French drove him out. The information on this page of prominent House of Sforza members can help answer the questions, “Who was in the House of Sforza?” and "Who is part of the House of Sforza?...more . Accessible across all of today's devices: phones, tablets, and desktops. He also encouraged commerce, particularly the manufacture of silk and wool. The Milanese turned against Ludovico, and he was forced to flee. The list you're viewing has a variety of family members, like Carlo Sforza and Alessandro Sforza, in it. He acted as regent for his nephew from 1480 until 1494. The House of Sforza has held prominence in the world dating back many years, so it's no wonder that many people have a fascination with its members. Although a somewhat tyrannical ruler, he was also an outstanding patron of the arts. The Sforza family had by then threatened to withhold protection to Giovanni if he did not comply with the offer, which allowed him to keep the dowry but still required signing the confirmation of impotence. Galeazzo Maria was a patron of musicians, artists, poets, and scholars and himself wrote treatises on hunting. On February 26, 1450, he entered the city and became duke of Milan. The family was originally named Attendolo. Galeazzo Maria’s daughter Caterina Sforza would eventually rule the city of Forlí, first as wife and then as widow of Girolamo Riario. They had two sons, Massimiliano (1493–1530) and Francesco Maria (1495–1535). He was the father of Francesco Sforza, who ruled Milan for 16 years.... scientific american mind vs psychology today. Please note: Text within images is not translated, some features may not work properly after translation, and the translation may not accurately convey the intended meaning. Improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects and standards. After a power struggle, Galeazzo Maria’s brother, Ludovico il Moro (“the moor,” so called because of his dark complexion), seized control. Six months later he provided sworn testimony that Lucrezia was a virgin. When the duke died in 1447, leaving the city to the king of Naples, Francesco responded with war. The French captured and imprisoned him in 1500. We hope you and your family enjoy the NEW Britannica Kids. The Sforzas were an Italian Renaissancefamily that ruled Milanfor almost a century. The Attendoli were prosperous farmers of the region called Romagna in north-central Italy (near Ravenna). This article was most recently revised and updated by Kathleen Sheetz. Muzio Attendolo Sforza (1369–1424) was a condotierre, or soldier of fortune. His wife was Beatrice d’Este, daughter of the duke of Ferrara. Essentially he was a mercenary who fought for whomever would pay him. Generally known as a skilled diplomat who played a major role in the election of Rodrigo Borgia as Pope Alexander VI, Sforza served as Vice-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church from 1492 until 1505.... Francesco I Sforza (Italian pronunciation: [franˈtʃesko ˈpriːmo ˈsfɔrtsa]; 23 July 1401 – 8 March 1466) was an Italian condottiero, the founder of the Sforza dynasty in Milan, Italy, and was the fourth Duke of Milan from 1450 until his death. After the departure of the French, the Sforza family ruled Milan with some interruptions until 1535. While this is not an exact family tree, it does show a list of many popular members of the House of Sforza. Though traditionally characterized as despotic and extravagant, Galeazzo Maria (1444–76) was a capable ruler. The founder of the dynasty, Muzio Attendolo, changed his family name to Sforza, meaning “force.”. The Marquisate of Caravaggio was created by Massimiliano during his reign of the Duchy of Milan. His wife was the daughter of the duke of Milan. You have full information here Casa de Borja (in Spanish, but much more detailed and updated) - or here, House of Borgia. Ludovico Sforza (1452–1508) was the second son of Francesco Sforza. Although the Medicis are extinct in the male line half the royals in Europe descend from the Medici.. Let us see this chap, Grandduke Francesco I de Medici. > > Remember that the Borgias were from Valencia (Spain), the name being a toponymic from Borja, Zaragoza. Through carefully calculated alliances he consolidated his power. The founder of the dynasty, Muzio Attendolo, changed his family name to Sforza, meaning “force.” The Attendoli were prosperous farmers of the region called Romagna in north-central Italy(near Ravenna). Francesco, however, was set up as duke in Milan in 1522 by the Holy Roman emperor Charles V. At Francesco’s death without heirs in 1535, the city passed to the rule of Charles V. Several other branches of the Sforza family survived. This family was very much involved in Papal politics and are featured in several series about the Medici’s and Borgia’s. Take a minute to check out all the enhancements! He grew up in the court of Ferrara and fought under his father until Muzio drowned in a battle in 1424. He died on March 8, 1466, and was succeeded by his eldest son Galeazzo Maria Sforza. Ludovico died in captivity on May 27, 1508. The family was originally named Attendolo. Machiavelli mentions Ludovico with undisguised contempt, regarding him as one of the primary causes of Italy's misery. His sons went into exile in Germany, but by 1513 Massimiliano was back in Milan with Swiss support. Several other branches of the Sforza family survived, the descendants of Sforza Secondo (an illegitimate son of Francesco Sforza) becoming the counts Sforza, one of whom was the anti-Fascist statesman and foreign minister of Italy, Carlo Sforza (1873–1952). Carlo Sforza. With Sforza II Sforza (1433-1492), son of Francesco I Duke of Milan, the lineage of the Counts of Borgonovo was created and lasted until the end of XVII century when Alessandro III died without any descendants from his marriage with Polissena Gonzaga. After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. He was succeeded by his young son Gian Galeazzo Sforza (1469–94) under the regency of his widow, Bona of Savoy. Louis XII, a descendant of the first duke of Milan, became king of France in 1498.