Fortunately, the Gathas, the core of the religion, said to have been written by Zoroaster himself, survived. Zarathustra), the remaining parts of the Avestas were written. Members are dedicated to a three-fold path, as shown in their motto: ". There is, however, a unique document from Central Asia, the so-called Sogdian Ashem vohū, which records the Avestan words of one of the Zoroastrian sacred prayers in Sogdian (a medieval Iranian language) script. Composed in an ancient Iranian language, Avestan, the Avesta is made up of different texts, most of which are recited in the Zoroastrian rituals, some of them by priests only, others by both priests and laypeople. It was only then that Zoroastrians withdrew to the desert towns of Kerman and Yazd. The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above Professor Almut Hintze explores its history and some of the key components of the religion: its beliefs, sacred texts and rituals. The five Gathas consist of seventeen hymns, which together with the Yasna Haptanghaiti form the central portion of the key ritual of the Zoroastrian tradition, the Yasna of seventy-two chapters. Usage terms Public DomainHeld by© British Library. This includes the original words The script is based on the Pahlavi script which had been in use for many centuries for writing Middle Persian texts. KEY INDIVIDUALS. recognize inter-faith marriages. ZOROASTRIANISM SYMBOLS. Robinson. IMPORTANT SITES. On 1992-MAR-21, the. With this is the belief in an afterlife that is determined by the choices people make while on earth, the final and definitive defeat of evil at the end of time and a restoration of the world to its once perfect state. The Vīdēvdād, or Vendidād as it is also known, is chiefly concerned with reducing pollution in the material world and represents a vital source for our knowledge and understanding of Zoroastrian purity laws. Ascribed to the teachings of the Iranian-speaking spiritual leader Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra), it exalts an uncreated and benevolent deity of wisdom, Ahura Mazda(Wise Lord), as its supreme being. the faith. the later traditions are important and equally divinely inspired. Copied in Yazd, Iran, in 1647. As the tradition of the Avesta was entirely oral, its translation and explanation would have been memorised together with the Avesta, although the exegesis, called Zand, was more flexible and open to being altered and expanded. Latest update and review: 2012-JAN-25 This includes the original words of their founder Zarathushtra, preserved in a series of five hymns, called the Gathas. Zoroastrians do not generally accept converts. 2.Identify the key texts of Zoroastrianism Zarathushtra poured forth his adoration for Ahura Mazda in metric verses or hymns called Gathas. Composed in an ancient Iranian language, Avestan, the Avesta is made up of different texts, most of which are recited in the Zoroastrian rituals, some of them by priests only, others by both priests and laypeople. If the All Avestan texts were composed and transmitted orally, although presumably from the late Sasanian period onwards there also existed a written tradition. Peshdadian: the first dynasty of ancient Iran. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'religioustolerance_org-box-4','ezslot_5',262,'0','0']));Beliefs include: The resulting cosmic conflict involves the entire universe, including humanity who is However, these are the opposite of the wing feathers. The Khordah Avesta (‘small Avesta’) contains prayers, hymns and invocations recited by priests and lay people in daily worship. It was founded by the Prophet Zoroaster in ancient Iran approximately 3500 years ago. Zarathustra is held to be the founder of the religion, and his followers call themselves Zartoshtis or Zoroastrians. 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