The powder of the dried leaves is sprinkled over fresh wounds to control bleeding. Has 9 different sub species. Posted on December 13, 2020 | December 13, 2020 | It can fix Nitrogen. In India it's used as a ingredient in various dishes. Ethno Medicinal Uses of Vachellia nilotica subsp. Get contact details and address | ID: 11344660330 Administered to people: The Zulus make an astringent medicine from the bark. In West Africa, the pods and leaves are considered to have anthelminthic properties on small ruminants and this has been confirmed by in vitro experiments on nematodes. PEST RATING PROFILE Initiating Event: Vachellia (Acacia) nilotica is a federal noxious weed and is one of the 20 worst weeds in Australia because of its invasiveness, potential to spread, economic and environmental impacts. [15], The exudate gum of this tree is known as gum arabic and has been collected from the pharaonic times for the manufacture of medicines, dyes and paints. The renaming of the genus to Vachellia remains controversial.[10]. [9] The leaves contain 14-20% protein. [13] It has become widely naturalised outside its native range including Zanzibar and Australia. [13], In part of its range smallstock consume the pods and leaves,[14] but elsewhere it is also very popular with cattle. Gum exudates, bark and leaves are used in various parts of southern Africa as emollients (a preparation that softens the skin.) It can fix Nitrogen. Vachellia nilotica also known as acacia gum, is a natural gum consisting of the hardened sap of various species of the acacia tree. Pods are strongly constricted, hairy, white-grey, thick and softly tomentose. The Maasai people eat both the inner bark (phloem) and the fruit pulp boiled in water. The genus name Acacia derives from the Ancient Greek word for its characteristic thorns, ἄκις, ákis, "thorn". This article briefly reviews the botany, distribution, ecology and envi-ronment, improved techniques of gum extraction, its uses and properties. Edible: The bark exudes an edible gum. 5. The bark of the tree is brown and forms cracks along the length. acacia nilotica leaves. It also has been found to be a powerful molluscicide and algicide, and the fruits, when added to ponds in Sudan, killed snail species which carry schistosomiasis without affecting fish (Ayoub, 1982). Uses Medicinal Acacia nilotica has a wealth of medicinal uses. Tannin. Vachellia nilotica (commonly known as gum arabic tree,[5] babul,[6] thorn mimosa, Egyptian acacia or thorny acacia[7]) is a flowering plant tree in the family Fabaceae. The crown of Vachellia nilotica is somewhat flattened or rounded. Vachellia karroo has a rounded crown, branching fairly low down on the trunk. Pods were used by … The leaves are bipinnate, with 3–6 pairs of pinnulae and 10–30 pairs of leaflets each, tomentose, rachis with a gland at the bottom of the last pair of pinnulae. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline and saline soils. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. In Northern Nigeria it is called bagaruwa in Hausa. Indications: Administered to people. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Pods are desirable as fodder for cattle, and the leaves, young shoots and young pods are thought to aid milk production. The tree has thin, straight, light, grey spines in axillary pairs, usually in … In part of its range smallstock consume the pods and leaves, but elsewhere it is also very popular with cattle. subulata contains 13.1% condensed tannins in the bark; Geographic distribution. indica contains 11.6% condensed tannins in the bark; A.nilotica ssp. He called this 'akakia', and it is from this word that the modern name is derived. It can range in height from about 2.5 metres on poorer soils to a tree 14 metres or more tall 4. Pods are used as a supplement to poultry rations in India. Ethnopharmacological relevance: Vachellia (Acacia) nilotica and other plants of this genus have been used in traditional medicine of Asian and African countries to treat many disorders, including sexually transmitted diseases, but few studies were performed to validate their anti-microbial and anti-viral activity against sexually transmitted infections. It also takes care of Vaginal Problems related to discharge like Leucorrhea. with help from web interface by acacia nilotica medicinal uses. Read about company. Dried pods are particularly sought out by animals on rangelands. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. [18] The wood has a density of about 1170 kg/m3.[2]. Uses Fodder. Inner bark contains 18–23% tannin, used for tanning and dyeing leather black. It is used for stomach upset and pain, the bark is chewed to protect against scurvy, an infusion is taken for dysentery and diarrhoea. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Insects. Vachellia nilotica is a tree 5–20 m high with a dense spheric crown, stems and branches usually dark to black coloured, fissured bark, grey-pinkish slash, exuding a reddish low quality gum. Uses Some feel that the thorn bush of Exodus 3 was Acacia nilotica, the fire, the parasite Loranthus acaciae. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. It can help in the treatment of gingivitis, cavity formation in the tooth and high cholesterol. Has 9 different sub species. [8], This tree was originally the type species of the genus Acacia, which derives its name from Ancient Greek: ἀκακία, akakía, the name given by early Greek botanist-physician Pedanius Dioscorides (ca. [17], The tree's wood is "very durable if water-seasoned" and its uses include tool handles and lumber for boats. The seed pods and leaves are eaten by herbivores which distribute the seed in their dung. In India branches are commonly lopped for fodder. The fragrant, distinctive “string of beads”, decorative pods that smell of … Benefits & Medicinal Uses of Acacia Nilotica (Babul) Acacia Arabica, or Babul, is a commonly used herb for treating several diseases. Hardy, semi-deciduous, small, flat-topped tree with yellow puffball flowers through the summer. Has long history of medicinal use. Disocorides (the Greek philosopher, physician and 'father of botany' c.40 to 90 A.D.) described in his Materia Medica a preparation extracted from the leaves and fruit pods. The fruits are grinded together with the seeds and taken with honey as treatment against stomack ulcers. Vachellia nilotica is a tree 5–20 m high with a dense spheric crown, stems and branches usually dark to black coloured, fissured bark, grey-pinkish slash, exuding a reddish low quality gum. The tree has thin, straight, light, grey spines in axillary pairs, usually in 3 to 12 pairs, 5 to 7.5 cm (3 in) long in young trees, mature trees commonly without thorns. Acacia Nilotica is also beneficial in treating the women related problems like Menopause. Vachellia nilotica is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. General Plant Info. Trees and Shrubs of the Sahel. Traditional Medicinal Uses: It has also been used to eliminate stomach worms, as an antiseptic for open wounds and as an expectorant for treating coughs. General Plant Info. [14], The tender twig of this plant is used as a toothbrush in south-east Africa, Indian subcontinent. Medicinal uses include soaking the tender bark in water to be taken against dysentery and pile. subulata contains 13.1% condensed tannins in the bark; Geographic distribution It has an inspiring range of medicinal uses with potential anti-oxidant activity. Vachellia nilotica, widely known by the taxonomic synonym Acacia nilotica (L.), belongs to family Fabaceae of genus Acacia containing an excess of 1350 species (Seigler, 2003).It is an ornamental and medicinal plant, that grows to 14–17 m in height and 2–3 m in diameter. The paste of the bark of the plant Acacia nilotica is applied over oozing eczemas. Uses Some feel that the thorn bush of Exodus 3 was Acacia nilotica, the fire, the parasite Loranthus acaciae. Vachellia nilotica is a fast-growing though small, spiny, evergreen tree with a broad, rounded (rarely umbrella-shaped) crown. Dried pods are particularly sought out by animals on rangelands. It also helps in toning up the muscles after pregnancy. 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