Temperature Requirements – Dragon fruit will not grow in cold climates, so make sure that the temperature is above 40 degrees Fahrenheit to prevent damage from occurring to the plant. If you have the thorny type of dragon fruit plants, wear leather gloves and a long-sleeved shirt when harvesting the fruits. Prune to contain size, induce flowering and stem branching. Feed your dragon fruit plant during the first year after planting it once every two months with ¼ lb. However, many care tips discussed in this article also apply to other dragon fruit plants such as Hylocereus guatemalensis. The current name of the species, Selenicereus undatus, also originates from Latin, with the first section translating to 'moo n' (Selḗnē). Used both as an ornamental vine and as a fruit crop, Hylocereus undatus (Dragon Fruit) is a fast-growing, sprawling or vining, terrestrial or epiphytic cactus. Spread a 2- to 6-inch layer of bark or wood chip mulch on the ground around the base of your dragon fruit plant. Keep an eye out for mites, thrips, ants, scales, leaf-footed bugs, mealybugs, slugs, stem and fruit canker, fruit and stem rot. Keep the mulch 8 to 12 inches away from the plant stem. Minimal water. The Distribution of Selenicereus undatus. Type of plant : Perennial. The fruits are oblong, 4 ½-inch-wide berries with red or yellow peels and many small black seeds in the pulp. In the second and subsequent years, apply up to ¾ to 1 oz. Spread 4 lbs. Used both as an ornamental vine and as a fruit crop, Hylocereus undatus (Dragon Fruit) is a fast-growing, sprawling or vining, terrestrial or epiphytic cactus. Keep a 5-foot diameter circle around the dragon fruit plant clear of weeds and grasses. Feed your dragon fruit plant during the first year after planting it once every two months with ¼ lb. Full sun is desirable indoors; the plant can be moved outside during the summer but should be shaded from the hottest summer sun, and obviously … Selenicereus undatus, the white-fleshed pitahaya, is a species of Cactaceae and is the most cultivated species in the genus. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Selectively remove some stems and train and tie remaining stems to the trellis to prevent stem breakage and crowding. Its green stems are usually 3-sided, fleshy, jointed, and may reach up to 20 ft. long (6 m). Dragon Fruit is estimated to live about 20 years and may produce up to 220 lb (100 kg) of fruit per year 3-4 years after planting. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. of manure applied twice per year in the fourth and subsequent years. Also beware of applying lawn fertilizers near the dragon fruit plant’s root system, because this can harm fruit quantity and quality. The dragon fruit plant can grow only in tropical climates that don’t experience frosts or freezing temperatures. This combination of large size and short lifespan make viewing a Hylocereus flower a real treat! A strong trellis should be established that may withstand several hundred pounds of stem weight. Temperature. It can tolerate a brief frost and will recover quickly from any freeze damage , but prolonged exposure to below-freezing temperatures will kill it. Train the lateral stems by tying them to the trellis. Very fragrant, they open only at night, and usually last just one night. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Tie the main stem to the trellis post, and then begin to cut back the stem tips to encourage branching after the plant grows up to the top of the trellis. May be damaged by exposure to below freezing temperatures (31°F; -2°C) of long duration. It is not hardy below -2°C. of chelated iron during the first year after planting it. The dragon fruit plant (Hylocereus undatus), also known as the pitaya, strawberry pear or night-blooming cereus, is a tropical fruiting vine native to southern Mexico and South America. long (35 cm), appear in late spring to early summer in temperate climates. Tolerates cool or warm climates, provided temperatures do not exceed 100°F (38°C). Keep a 5-foot diameter circle around the dragon fruit plant clear of weeds and grasses. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Prune the dragon fruit plant immediately after harvest by removing the weaker, crowded or tangled stems, and then tie the healthy, strongest stems to the trellis. Their sweetly flavored white or red pulp is dotted with small black seeds. Hylocereus undatus - the white-fleshed pitahaya - is a species of Cactaceae, used both as an ornamental vine- climbing on rocks or trees by use of aerial roots and able to a height 10 meters - and as a fruit crop : the pitahaya or dragon fruit. The dragon fruit plant is a fast-growing, perennial, vine-like cactus with stems that can reach 20 feet long. Hylocereus undatus - the white-fleshed pitahaya - is a species of Cactaceae, used both as an ornamental vine- climbing on rocks or trees by use of aerial roots and able to a height 10 meters - and as a fruit crop : the pitahaya or dragon fruit. Large pot. Native to southern Mexico, Pacific side of Guatemala, Costa Rica and El Salvador, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Curacao, Panama, Brazil, and Uruguay. A plant that is often passed along from friend to friend, parent to child. Don’t mow or weed-eat close to the dragon fruit plant, because it’s extremely sensitive to any kind of trunk injury. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. of fertilizer in the fourth and subsequent years. Note this is the default cart. They climb by use of aerial roots that adhere to the surface upon which they grow or climb. Apply up to six foliar sprays of minor elements from late March through September. Do not let the compost touch the stem. Join now and start creating your dream garden! How to Take Care of Night Blooming Cereus. Of unknown origin, but it is widely grown and naturalized in the tropical Americas. Large and beautiful white flowers, 14 in. Keep the mulch 8 to 12 inches away from the plant stem. Harvest the ripe, fully mature dragon fruits by cutting the fruit stems using pruning shears or hand clippers. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Deep green, three-ribbed, 2 inches-wide stems with short, dark spines grow quickly to 15 feet (possibly to 30 feet. A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is not fussy about soil conditions as long they are well-drained and supplemented with high amounts of organic material. Large and beautiful white flowers, 14 in. The flowers are primarily white and fragrant opening at night. Care is fairly typical cactus, though since this is a jungle species (the Hylocereus genus as a whole is native to the Caribbean and Central America south to the northmost part of South America), it's somewhat more flexible about certain things. Prune to contain size, induce flowering and stem branching. Accept Spread a 2- to 6-inch layer of bark or wood chip mulch on the ground around the base of your dragon fruit plant. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. 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