He also notes that most modern African folk religions were strongly influenced by non-African religions, mostly Christianity and Islam and thus may differ from the ancient forms. 17–19, Parrinder, Geoffrey. And therefore it’s nearly impossible to talk about African Traditional Religion as if it exists as a single coherent body of beliefs and practices which can be identified as “African religion”. (Worship of the vodun is the original source of the Haitian religion of Vodou, which emerged as a syncretism of African, Roman Catholic, and Caribbean religious traditions by African slaves in Haiti.) This facilitates better control and transformation of these energies into positive, culturally appropriate behavior, thought, and speech. The living stand between their ancestors and the unborn. Most African societies believe in a single Supreme being (Chukwu, Nyame, Olodumare, Ngai, Roog, etc.). It is the opposite... […] Quran was written in the 7th century CE. S. Mbiti, John (1991). He – for Ngai is male – cannot be seen, but is manifest in the sun, moon, stars, comets and meteors, thunder and lightning, rain, in rainbows and in the great fig trees (mugùmò) that served as places of worship and sacrifice, and which marked the spot at Mukurue wa Gathanga where Gikuyu and Mumbi – the ancestors of the Kikuyu in the oral legend – first settled. In many cases, Africans who have converted to other religions have still kept up their traditional customs and practices, combining them in a syncretic way. In many cases, Africans who have converted to other religions have still kept up their traditional customs and practices, combining them in a syncretic way.[40]. Main article: African divination Virtue in traditional African religion is often connected with carrying out obligations of the communal aspect of life. Such separation and subsequent contemplation of the nature and sources of pure energy or feelings serves to help participants manage and accept them when they arise in mundane contexts. Also, this practice can also give rise to those in these trances uttering words which, when interpreted by a culturally educated initiate or diviner, can provide insight into appropriate directions which the community (or individual) might take in accomplishing its goal. Traditional Niger-Congo religion also included polytheistic and animistic elements. Diverse traditional beliefs and practices of African people, Encyclopedia of African Religion (Sage, 2009). The traditional African religions (or traditional beliefs and practices of African people) are a set of highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions. Natural phenomena are responsible for providing people with their daily needs. Also, this practice can also give rise to those in these trances uttering words which, when interpreted by a culturally educated initiate or diviner, can provide insight into appropriate directions which the community (or individual) might take in accomplishing its goal. [6][1] The role of humanity is generally seen as one of harmonizing nature with the supernatural. Traditional healer of South Africa performing a divination by reading the bones. "Kings, Magic & Medicine". In traditional African societies, many people seek out diviners on a regular basis. In some traditional African religions, morality is associated with obedience or disobedience to God regarding the way a person or a community lives. Main article: List of African mythological figures. See also: Divination, Early-20th-century Yoruba divination board. Traditional African religion is very popular and arrived here with our North and West African ancestors. In this state, depending upon the region, drumming or instrumental rhythms played by respected musicians (each of which is unique to a given deity or ancestor), participants embody a deity or ancestor, energy or state of mind by performing distinct ritual movements or dances which further enhance their elevated consciousness. The two Abrahamic religions are widespread across Africa, though mostly concentrated in different areas. Today, the continent's various populations and individuals are mostly adherents of Christianity, Islam, and to a lesser extent several traditional African religions. It is often combined with elements of Christianity and Islam. Some recognize a dual God and Goddess such as Mawu-Lisa. Some castings are done using sacred divination plates made of wood or performed on the ground (often within a circle). All aspects of weather, thunder, lightning, rain, day, moon, sun, stars, and so on may become amenable to control through the cosmology of African people. Traditional healers are common in most areas, and their practices include a religious element to varying degrees. [36] Traditional African religions embrace natural phenomena – ebb and tide, waxing and waning moon, rain and drought – and the rhythmic pattern of agriculture. Spread. Followers of traditional African religions pray to various spirits as well as to their ancestors. [18], Traditional African religions can be broken down into linguistic cultural groups, with common themes. One religious ceremony practiced in Gabon and Cameroon is the Okuyi, practiced by several Bantu ethnic groups. The deities and spirits are honored through libation or sacrifice (of animals, vegetables, cooked food, flowers, semi-precious stones and precious metals). Ngai, says one legend, made the mountain his resting place while on an inspection tour of earth. [33], Traditional African religions generally believe in an afterlife, one or more Spirit worlds, and Ancestor worship is an important basic concept in mostly all African religions. ), World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, "Ancient African Religion Finds Roots In America", "The Need to Re-Conceptualize African Traditional Religion", The Civilizations of Africa: A History to 1800, Black God: the Afroasiatic roots of the Jewish, Christian, and Muslim religions, Sayings of the Ancient One - Wisdom from Ancient Africa, culture-exchange.blog/animism-modern-africa, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Traditional_African_religions&oldid=990886970, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with dead external links from October 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Manjonjo Healers of Chitungwiza of Zimbabwe, Information presented here was gleaned from, Chidester, David. 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