It was an attempt to assert the rights of the colonists while maintaining their loyalty to the British crown. The Olive Branch Petition was a significant, yet doomed, attempt to preserve the relationship between the British government and the colonies before the conflict escalated into war. Solo Practice. APUSH Significance Terms Chpt 6. it awesome it got 2 come back to this site. In July 1775, the Second Continental Congress made a final effort to seek reconciliation with Britain and end the fighting. You should trust this site!!!!! The book The Long Road to Change: America’s Revolution 1750-1820 refers to the Olive Branch Petition as “a fascinating bit of historical confusion” and further explains that the petition could be construed as insincere: “In fact, the Olive Branch Petition has an odd irrelevance about it, and raises questions about its sincerity. The Olive Branch Petition was adopted by Congress on July 5, 1775. Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game . Furthermore, according to the book Independence: The Struggle to Set America Free, the petition was the result of a compromise, first proposed by John Dickinson in May, between the “moderates” and the “hard liners” in the Continental Congress: if the moderates agreed to the military preparations sought by the hard liners than the hard liners would agree to the Olive Branch Petition. Considering this, it is no surprise the king rejected the Olive Branch Petition without even reading it. Live Game Live. 72, Massachusetts Historical Society, 1917. This appeal was directed to George III personally. The First American Declaration of Independence? It was a document in which the colonists pledged their loyalty to the crown and asserted their rights as British citizens. The Olive Branch Petition begins by explaining why the colonists had been recently rebelling against the British government, stating that after winning the French and Indian War the government didn’t thank the colonists for their support and participation in the war and instead enacted new laws and taxes that seemed more like a punishment: “they [the colonists] were alarmed by a new system of Statutes and regulations adopted for the administration of the colonies, that filled their minds with the most painful fears and jealousies; and to their inexpressible astonishment perceived the dangers of a foreign quarrel quickly succeeded by domestic dangers, in their judgment of a more dreadful kind… Your Majestys ministers persevering in their measures and proceeding to open hostilities for enforcing them, have compelled us to arm in our own defence, and have engaged us in a controversy so peculiarly abhorrent to the affection of your still faithful colonists, that when we consider whom we must oppose in this contest, and if it continues, what may be the consequences, our own particular misfortunes are accounted by us, only as parts of our distress.”. This petition was a last ditch effort by the reconciliation party to amend things with the king before war was officially declared, even though the Revolutionary War had already begun in Massachusetts when the Shot Heard Round the World was fired and the Siege of Boston began in April of that year. Share practice link. If they agree to it, we shall have occasion for all our wit vigilance and virtue to avoid being deceived, wheedled threatened or bribed out of freedom. Historical Dictionary of the British Empire. Visit this site's About page to find out more about Rebecca. Olive Branch Petition Background Consider These Questions John Dickinson drafted the Olive Branch Petition, which was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 5 and submitted to King George on July 8, 1775. This appeal was directed to George III personally. I used this article to help me on my american revolution project and I got an A+ on this part. “The Olive Branch and the Declaration of Independence.” New York Public Library, 30 June. We can’t avoid it. Since King George never bothered to read the petition it only made him more angry. The chief advocate of this effort was John Dickinson, a conservative delegate from Pennsylvania, who authored the Olive Branch Petition. McFarland & Company, Inc, 2014. The purpose of the Olive Branch Petition was to appease King George III and prevent the conflict between the colonies and the British government from escalating into a full blown war. The letter not only demonstrates that the colonists already had plans to fight the British government despite its petition for peace, it also refers to John Dickinson, the author of the petition, as a “piddling genius” who has “given a silly cast to our whole doings.”. Play this quiz, please finish editing it discord and disunion would be the certain of! 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