some researchers view the world, is very different from other’s views. These philosophical approaches enable to decide which approach should be adopted by the researcher and why, which is derived from research questions (Saunders, Lewis, & Thornhill, 2009). Research philosophies The idea that there are different views of the world, and the processes that operate within it, is part of what is known as philosophy. Research philosophy is classified as ontology, epistemology and axiology. It has to be acknowledged that the positivism research philosophy is difficult to be explained in a precise and succinct manner. The number variations in explaining positivism may be equal to the number of authors who addressed the area of research philosophy. Research philosophy is an important part of research methodology. Philosophy is concerned with views about how the world works and, as an academic subject, focuses, primarily, on reality, knowledge and existence. Research design, which I refer to as the plan or proposal to conduct research, involves the intersection of philosophy, strategies of inquiry, and specific methods. Philosophical perspectives are important because, when made explicit, they reveal the assumptions that researchers are making about their research, leading to choices that are applied to the purpose, design, methodology and methods of the research, as well as to data analysis and interpretation. Using this philosophical approach, the researchers express their views in order to assess the social world, and instead of subjectivity, they refer to objectivity . This is because there are vast differences between settings in which positivism is used by researchers. A framework that I use to explain the inter-action of these three components is seen in Figure 1.1. Under this paradigm, researchers are interested in general information and large-scale social data collection rather than focusing on details of the research. research involves philosophical assumptions as well as distinct methods or procedures. At the most basic level, the mere choice of what to study in the sciences imposes … committed to any philosophical view or reality, ... Several decades ago, inspired by other knowledge areas, simulation 4 was introduced as a research method to … Ways of doing research / Methods used to do research Philosophy Thoughts / Applying rational or logical thinking Philosophy of Research Methodology Thoughts that form the basis for various ways of doing research Thoughts that justify research methodology Rationale for using certain methods in research . The important assumptions are present in research philosophy … more complete way to view the gradations of differences between them is in the basic philosophical assumptions researchers bring to the study, the 3 01-Creswell (RD)-45593:01-Creswell (RD)-45593.qxd 6/20/2008 4:36 PM Page 3.